History Of Indian Education System | Vedic, Middle age, Pre-British and British Era - MCQ Answer - Education and Ideas

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Tuesday, May 7, 2019

History Of Indian Education System | Vedic, Middle age, Pre-British and British Era

Indian education system
indian education system

Under the various laws. Education in India is a compulsory and fundamental right to every child between the ages of 6 to 14.

Indian education system derided into two major parts - public school, private school. Public school controlled and funded by the central, state and local Government and the other side, privet school run by local people, organization or club, etc. which was driven depending on the student’s money.

Over the post view year’s, there has been a lot of change in the Indian Education system and still, there is a lot to be left to change.

History of Indian Education system

Based on time, Indian Education system can be divided into four categories. This can be helpful to understand the basic structure of the Indian Education system and how does it change time to time?

The Vedic age (1500 C.E to early medieval age)


In the Vedic  Age, the great saint was the backbone of Indian Education system. At that time, the Education system was centered around the Vedas, which was a religious centered system. Ancient Scriptures known as the Vedas have developed the strong foundation of Indian civilization, the Vedas incorporates all aspects of life from spiritual moral to spiritual evaluation. Probably, Rig Veda one of the oldest known religious texts and oldest written religious text in the world.

This Vedas was written by the great Rishis and taught by the teachers of Gurukul. In those days, education was absolutely free and available for Kshatriya, Brahmin and Vaishnava casts. Shudras were not eligible for education. In this time, The Sanskrit language is used for learning subjects.

The Middle age (8th century to the 15th century)

Between the eight and tenth centuries, there emerged many powerful emperors and dynasties which added glory to the Indian landscape.

Palas, Sen and Chal Vigorously proclaimed education, arts, and literature. During the rule of palas, it brought the famous Nalanda University to its former glory and formed the University of Vikramshila.
After that, Muslim rulers dominated India. As a result, many changes are noticed in the social, economic and educational system Like, Ancient Brahminical script and language are gradually replaced by Arabic and Persian. At that time, Urdu was born in the Delhi Sultanate area.

Though India's former education system was progressing forward and very futuristic, it was also, the Muslim system of education that came with a learning organization in a proper way to study at the primary and advanced level of education.

At that time, there was a general level of education for women. There was no further education system and there was no right to education.

Primary education was completed at Maktabs and secondary education was provided in Madrasah. In fact, Iltutmish was the founder of Delhi’s Madrasah. This system provided the patronage and special Grants of the Muslim rules and emperors. 

Just like the Vedic system of Indian education, Muslim education institutions were attached to the mosque where basic skills such as writing, reading the Holy Quran were taught. In addition, subjects related to the industry, medicine, law, and administration were also taught.

Over time to time, the Universities spread to cities in Lucknow, Allahabad, and Delhi. Every rule has contributed to the medieval education system. But Mughals, especially Emperor Akbar, took the Muslim education system to the peak of height.

Pre – British Era (Late 15th e century to Early 18th century)

This was the time before British rule. Before the advent of British power there was a touch of Portuguese, Dutch and Francis in India’s education system. Before the British rule in India, the Dutch and the Portuguese colonies were already in India. From then on, their a bit of contributions were made to the Pre British Indian Education system.

Sins the beginning of modern education the missionaries shifted to India, the Portuguese started their colonization. The missionaries started teaching children in the streets to transform local Indians into Christianity. All these schools were attached to the church and Missionary office. It helped to drive the church and missionaries.

According to the Portuguese pattern primary education, primary school, orphanage, vocational skills and education in some colleges and the university was imparted.

Primary education is very important to the first steps in the education system. So these schools are much more in number. At this Pre – British time, the Knowledge was delivered in Portuguese and Latin languages.

In the 17th century, the French East India company was formed they make Education open to everyone and make it beyond to religion. This little thing made different from the Portuguese contributions Even they established Institutions at made, Pondicherry, Madras, Chandenagore and Karikal. 

For the secondary schools, some places were good for education. After the 1600s, it gradually became changed slowly and steadily.

The British Era (18008-1947)

It was a very important time for Indians. The British rules for 200 years. There have been many things until independence. Some events are good for Indians, some Incidents bring bad news.

This time there is a radical change in the Indian education system. The Sanskrit based education system began to be transformed into the English education system. Hindu college is formed for providing higher education. The current name of the Hindu College is Presidency University. Along with this, it takes lessons in different subjects.

In 1800, Lord Wellesley, the Governor General of Fort Williams, formed a collage for train people for civil servants in vernacular languages.

Even British try hard to educate people in any way they can. They established many acts for the society when really helps to improve Indian society.

In this time, many famous universities like Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Punjab, and Allahabad Universities were formed.

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