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English Grammar Subject and Predicate

Subject and Predicate

A sentence is a combination of words by which we say something about a person or a thing: - as,

A good boy learns his lessons well.

Every sentence must contain two essential parts.

A sentence says something about an object or a person. Each sentence must have two parts. One is the naming part (Subject) and the other is the telling part (Predicate).

1. The word (or words) donating a person or thing that we say something about is called the subject of the sentence.

In the above sentence, 'A good boy' is the part of the subject (naming part).

(i) The subject of a sentence is always a Noun, Pronoun, or some word or words equivalent to a Noun.

Note: (i) In order to say something about a person or thing we must use a name for that person or thing, and as all names are nouns, we must use a Noun.

2. The word (or words) denoting what we say about the Subject is called the Predicate of the sentence.

In the above sentence 'learns his lessons well' is the part of Predicate (telling part).

(ii) In order to say anything we must use a word that says or states, and as all words that state are verbs, we must use a Verb.

The predicate of a sentence is always a verb either alone or in combination with other words. Example - Fire burns. Fire is burning. Fire is burning slowly.

Noun groups tell us which people or things are being talked about.

Verb groups tell us what is being said about them.

The subject of a sentence usually comes first but occasionally it is put ofter the predicate. For Example- 

'Sweet are the uses of adversity.'

The uses of adversity are sweet. 

Forms of Subject

The subject of a sentence must be either a noun or a noun equivalent.

The Principal forms in which s Subject can be expressed are as follows.

a) Noun: A ship went out to sea.

b) Pronoun: He (someone previously named) was convicted.

c) Infinite: To err is human.

d) Gerund: Sleeping is necessary for health.

e) Phrase: How to do this puzzles all of us.

f) Clause: Whoever was caught was sent to jail.

The subject is often out (understood) in some sentences, especially in imperative ones. Thus - Sit down (Here the subject "you" is understood.) Don't run in the sun. (Here too the subject "you" is understood.) In analyzing such sentences, the subject has to be supplied.

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