Top 10 Best Bengali Novels to Read

top 10 best bengali novels to read

Bengali literature has the potential and beneficial for society to read some good novels. But Bengali language is the first language in India which is considered as rich content with socialism.

Books are the main sources of knowledge and pleasure for books lover. There are many novels that are available in Bengali but here is a list of 10 Bengali novels for you. 

Bengal is the most cultural and ethnic site of India. Writers from Bengal represent some unique flavor. Some of the flavors come from all over India and all are connected to the Bengals.

10. Aparajito - Bibhutibushan Bandopadhyay

Translated by Gopa Majumdar

Aparajito is the sequel of Pather Panchali written by Bibhutibushan Bandopadhyay. His knowledge seeker mentality helps him to pass school life to jump on the College life. He left his village and joins a city college for higher education. In this novel, the writer draws Apu as an adolescent youth. Apu has lost his mother and struggles with society and the relationships between other people. A tragic day came when he lost his mother. After a carefree living of many years, Apu finally realizes his responsibilities and he came back to his son.

9. Sei Somoy - Sunil Gangopadhyay

Translated by Aruna Chakravarti

The writer of Sei Somoy (Those Days) was trying to put the timeline between the 1820-the 1880s. This was the time when Bengal stand for some major changes in our Indian society. In the time period, Widow remarriage, Dakshineswar Temple, and many important tragedies happened. The Writer includes many well-known characters in this book like Rabindranath Tagore, Michel Madhusudan Datta, Harish Mukherjee are very famous and well-known personalities in our society.

People who want to know about that period of time, they can read this novel.

8. Pather Panchali - Bibhutibushan Bandopadhyay

Translated by Rimi

Pather Panchali (Song of the Road) is a portrait of a Hindu Brahmin family. It was started with some major village society scenario of Bengal. It was the time when British rules in India and Indian people suffers from poor. The novel widely portrayal a life of a village family. Their survival journeys are vivid, natural, and authentic.

There are two main characters in this novel, Apu, and Durga. The story was surrounded by this poor Brahmin family. They are struggling every day to survive. 

In this novel, have a touch of religion, social environment, worship of some particular people of the society, caste, and clashes in between poor and rich.

7. Padma Nadir Majhi - Manik Bandopadhyay

Translated by Ratan Kumar Chattopadhyay

Padma Nadir Majhi (The Boatman of the Padma) is mainly drawing a life of a boatman or fisherman of the Padma river, now situated in Bangladesh. The write exposes a fisherman family and the journey of one era to another. Kuber has a family, a member of three children with his wife Mala. Gopi, daughter of Kuber's aunt and his son Lakhs and Chandi.

Kuber worried when he knows that his wife was pregnant. He started thinking about how to feed another mouth of his family. It was a story of a poor fisherman and the society of that time.

6. Chokher Bali - Rabindranath Tagore

Translated by Sukhendu Ray

The plot of this novel mainly grows in a Zamindar family. There are four main characters, Mahendra and his mother Rajalakshmi, Ashalata wife of Mahendra, and a widow Binodini. The story was built on the basis of some relationship between members of this family.

Mahendra loves his wife so much. To see that Binodini shows her desire and Mahendra started getting intimate with the widow. In that way the story became mystic.

5. Chander Pahar - Bibhutibushan Bandopadhyay 

Translated by Santanu Sinha Chaudhuri

Chander Pahar (The Mountain of the Moon) is full of adventure. The name of this novel represents nature or natural things. The author describes the life journey of a Bengali boy Shankar who loves to travel.

The main character of this novel is Shankar who getting a job as a station master in Africa. The time period was in British role in India and Africa.

The character, Shankar is the idol of Bengalis. He inspires youth to come out of the home and searching for the destination.

4. Hajar Churashir Maa -  Mahasweta Devi

Translated by Samik Bandyopadhyay

Hajar Churashir Maa (Mother of1084) is a significant and bold approach to Indian society in the time when Naxalite agitation was in the limelight. The story was started in West Bengal where youth joins Naxalite activities.

A mother informed that her son died and his body in the mortuary word. The novel is developed based on that time journey and social activity. It was the time when Naxals are in the growing stage.

The writer Mahasweta Devi draws a fine art with the social conflict and the role of a mother and her emotions, feeling.

3. Gora - Rabindranath Tagore

Translated by W.W. Pearson

Gora is the main character of this novel. This is Tagore's fifth novel and deliberated his masterpiece. The writer widely put the social and cultural side of Hindu society. Gora helps to understand all the cultural movement which canvassing the religious and political life of that period of time. It was pointed out the bases of urban middle-class Hindu Bengali families.

Tagore expresses his thoughts in this novel and shows how Hindu revivalism becomes universal brotherhood. He shows nationalism to internationalism and acceptances.

2. Anandamath - Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

Translated by Unknown

Anandamath is considered an extraordinary Political book ever written by Bankim C. Chatterjee. The story based on a Monk who became rebellious in the late eighteenth century. The book was originally written in Bengali in 1882.

The plot of this novel shows the wide dimensions of various social conflicts in Hindu society. In this book, Bankim writes a song called 'Vande Mataram' letter which became the national song of India.

The book is full of incidents that directly related to the unfreedom and the struggle of freedom fighters. The pathetic essence of the monk's life elaborated twice.

1. Sesher Kobita - Rabindranath Tagore

Translated by Anindita Mukhopadhyay

In Sesher Kobita(The Last Poem), Rabindranath Tagore finely elaborates love between two people. This is a love story where Tagore put some tragedic questions to society and all the readers of this book. Is love important in a marriage? or Does marriage is important for both partners?

Tagore wrote many stories, novels, plays, poems, and songs. But this novel is a masterpiece once. It was a very engaging romantic love story. People really understand what was the motive to write this kind of book.

In this novel, a few concepts concretize and vividly promoted. There is some responsibility, the natural life cycle is widely shown.


These are the top ten must-read Bengali novels originally written in Bengali and later translated into the English language. moreover, these books are amazing for any age group of people. It has romance, thrills, social message, social environment, some history of early to late British rules. Also in these books, writers put some religious and Hindu cultural events.

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